为什么深圳、长沙发展越来越快,地区差距是如何产生的

亿万先生mr007

A recent article《长沙,“跑疯了”》said: "In the 12 years of Changsha Yuefei, they have surpassed provincial capital cities such as Fuzhou, Changchun, Shijiazhuang, Zhengzhou, Jinan and Shenyang, and have become successful 'reverse attackers' in the regional economic structure. "Attention, of the six cities that Changsha has overtaken, five are northern cities."9f53002e-fcbd-439a-8c79-8c0ddb53654d

Why isn't the whole world developed?

Regional disparities are generated within the boundaries of a country, but the reasons are similar to the gaps between countries. “Why not the whole world has developed.” The economist Asimoglu raised this question, asking questions about how the gaps between countries arise.

He divided the reasons for development into direct and fundamental. The direct cause is input, and the level of input determines different growth. But why do some countries accumulate more physical capital than others, carry out more human capital investment, develop and adopt better technology? It can be seen that the level of input is only the direct cause of the difference in economic development. The factor that determines the level of input is the root cause. Asimoglu classifies the root cause into three hypotheses: the geography, institution, and culture hypothesis.

It affects the market environment and the innovation ecology, which in turn affects economic growth.

a119d18e-3cd4-4f42-ac91-f438a00bd2a1

China's east-west gap is narrowing, and the north-south differentiation is significant

For a long time in the past, the level of economic development in China has been reduced from east to west in accordance with the geographical gradient. The imbalance in this development is mainly determined by geographical factors. Since the reform and opening up, the gap between East, West and West has gradually narrowed under the influence of factors such as factor flow, infrastructure, industrial transfer and strategic drive. In the past decade or more, the regional and urban economic development has become increasingly distinct between the North and the South.

xx最近的一篇文章《长沙,“跑疯了”》说:“在长沙岳飞的12年里,它们已经超过了福州,长春,石家庄,郑州,济南和沉阳等省会城市,并成为区域经济结构中成功的'逆向攻击者'。 “注意,在长沙已经超过的六个城市中,有五个是北方城市。”

这是南北差距扩大的一个例子。那么主要原因是什么?

毋庸置疑,中国南部和北部地区之间的差距越来越大,这是在建立市场经济体制的背景下创造的,特别是在创新的背景下。南方的文化更容易接近市场经济体系,这是可以感受到的。

有值得注意的现象:中国创业指数(“全球企业家观察”提出了一个指标:3年内新增民营企业总数/15-64岁永久居民总数)南部高,低北方。根据城市计算,最高的是深圳。

在创新作为主要推动力的背景下,南方已经上升,北方已经落后。历史学家告诉我们,中国的文化差异是由南北方解释的,创业创新是由文化解释的。

5c81bed9-4ffa-4906-818a-71534638705c

城市差异化也发生在世界范围内美国和英国的学者分析了两个大都市区洛杉矶和旧金山的不同命运。

1970年,两个大都市区的人均收入水平相似,在美国大都市区排名第四和第一。 2010年,两地的人均收入差异约为1/3,洛杉矶的排名降至第25位。他们的研究表明,两个高度发达地区之间的差距是由进入新经济的不同方式造成的。新经济是持续创业创新的产物。

为什么一个城市需要一所好大学?

如果文化差异是创新驱动背景下区域(城市)发展和差异化的主要原因,那么可以采取哪些措施来遏制人们不愿意看到的差异化?

02997c28-d557-46f9-b9be-1c7908dfdc54

作品,移民文化和创新文化有着天然的联系。但今天,大规模的移民是不可能的。小规模移民的可能性主要来自大学入学。这也可以解释为什么在北方,北方和北方的中国创业指数分布,为什么北京可以达到上海和广州的水平;近十年来长沙和合肥的快速发展,两个城市相对还有较好的大学。无论如何,一个城市必须有一个人才的“主机”,一个好的“母机”。